Asynchronous vs synchronous Interaction … A study of asynchronous and synchronous e-learning methods

Hoy traemos a este espacio algunas cosillas sobre sincronicidad y asincronicidad ... to un clásic #elearning  ...

En docebo ... encontramos esta reciente listita -ya sabéis de mi devoCión por  ...;-)  - titulada

10 Invaluable Tips To Develop Asynchronous Learning 
By Christopher Pappas

1. Incorporate a variety of different eLearning activities.
Self-guided learners need a variety of different activities to cater to their individual learning styles. This also helps to prevent boredom, thereby boosting engagement and learner participation. Include video presentations, audio narratives, interactive scenarios, and text-based modules in order not only to add variety to your eLearning course, but also to make it more exciting and customized to the particular needs of your audience.

2. Use stories and real world examples to boost motivation.
One of the main challenges of designing an asynchronous eLearning course is creating a connection with your learners. They may feel isolated from the eLearning community, as a whole, which hinders them from actively participating. This is why it’s important to integrate stories, real world examples, and anecdotes that tie into the subject matter. Use humorwhenever possible to keep it light and entertaining for your learners. Just make sure that it serves the learning goals and objectives.

3. Give them a helping virtual hand.
Even learners who are working autonomously need support from time to time. They may encounter a technical glitch that prevents them from progressing in the eLearning course, or they may need help, in order to understand a more complex idea or concept. Whatever the case may be, they need access to reliable support, such as an email, a contact form, a video chat with the online course facilitator, etc. Since they won’t be able to get help from a face-to-face instructor, you should offer them an alternative form of assistance that addresses their concerns and answers the pressing questions.

4. Break the eLearning course down into bite size modules.
Chances are, your learners aren’t going to be willing or able to sit through an hour-long eLearning session, thanks to busy schedules and other distractions. This is why it’s essential to break your eLearning course down into smaller modules that are easily digestible. Ideally, these modules should be of about 15 to 20 minutes long, if not shorter, so that your learners can complete each one of them, when convenient. You should also make it easy for them to start where they left off by including an online course map or progress bar they can click to access the next module they want to access in the eLearning course.

5. Make your design intuitive and user-friendly.
Your eLearning course should have simple and straightforward navigation controls, as well as an intuitive design that guides learners through the eLearning experience rather than frustrating them. Make sure that all links are active by checking the buttons and hyperlinks frequently, and provide instructions on how they should navigate in the eLearning course.

6. Stress the real world benefits from the start.
Your asynchronous learners are going to need all themotivation they can get, especially those who aren’t particularly inspired to learn in the first place. As such, you will want to stress the real world benefits of completing the eLearning course even before they hit that ‘start’ button. Let them know how they can use the subject in their real lives, and which specific skill sets they are developing, as well as how each particular piece of new knowledge is going to improve their lives; in short, let them know what are they can get out of your eLearning course.

7. Tap into their intrinsic motivation.
While external rewards may be a great motivator, it’s the intrinsic motivation that truly counts. Intrinsic motivation is fueled by inner rewards, such as the desire to expand their knowledge base and build their skill sets. Typically, learners who are intrinsically motivated fare better in self-guided eLearning courses than those who rely on extrinsic motivation. So, figure out what motivates them by doing some audience research, such as conducting surveys orfocus groups, and then cater to their needs when creating the eLearning course.

8. Encourage group collaboration to provide peer-based support.
Another key element that is often lacking in asynchronous courses is collaboration. Therefore, you may want to consider integrating message boards, forums, and project management platforms into your eLearning design to give them the opportunity to get peer feedback. They can share their experiences and work together to solve common challenges, even though they are completing online assignments on their own.

9. Put their knowledge to use.
No learning experience is complete without an effective assessment strategy, and this is doubly important for asynchronous eLearning courses. You must integrate exams or quizzes to test learners’ knowledge and check their progress. Doing so also gives them the chance to gauge their own progress, so that they can fix incorrect learning behaviors and improve upon their weaknesses.

10. Strike a balance between entertaining and enlightening.
It’s true, the most successful asynchronous eLearning courses are fun, engaging, and entertaining, but these elements should not overshadow the real purpose of the eLearning course, which is learning! Include plenty of interactiveexercises, humorous stories, and other immersive eLearning activities, but always have the learning goals and objectivesin mind.

Por último os dejamos un texto de 2008 titulado

Asynchronous and Synchronous E-Learning. A study of asynchronous and synchronous e-learning methods discovered that each supports different purposes
By Stefan Hrastinski .. publicado en Educause :

Fuentes: [ varias ]

Synchronous vs asynchronous elearning

DeliveryFormats_1In today’s elearning environment the type of learning that takes place is generally divided into one of two categories: synchronous and asynchronous. Both strategies have their own pros and cons, and the technique that is right for a student greatly depends upon their method of absorbing the information that is being provided.

What is synchronous learning?

Examples of synchronous elearning are online chat and videoconferencing. Any learning tool that is in real-time, such as instant messaging that allows students and teachers to ask and answer questions immediately, is synchronous. Rather than learning on their own students who participate in synchronous learning courses are able to interact with other students and their teachers during the lesson.

The main benefit of synchronous learning is that it enables students to avoid feelings of isolation since they are in communication with others throughout the learning process. However synchronous learning is not as flexible in terms of time allotment, as students would have to set aside a specific time in order to attend a live teaching session or online course in real-time. So it may not be ideal for those who already have busy schedules.

What is asynchronous learning?

Asynchronous learning on the other hand can be carried out even when the student or teacher is offline. Coursework and communications delivered via email and messages posted on community forums are perfect examples of asynchronous elearning. In these instances, students will typically complete the lessons on their own and merely use the internet as a support tool rather than venturing online solely for interactive classes.

A student is able to follow the curriculum at their own pace, without having to worry about scheduling conflicts. This may be a perfect option for users who enjoy taking their time with each lesson plan in the curriculum and would prefer to research topics on their own. However, those who may lack the motivation to do the coursework on their own may find that they do not receive significant benefit from asynchronous learning tools. Asynchronous learning can also lead to feelings of isolation, as there is no real interactive educational environment.

Ideally, effective elearning courses should include both asynchronous and synchronous learning activities. This allows students and teachers to benefit from the different delivery formats regardless of their schedules or preferred learning methods. This approach provides students with access to immediate help if needed, while still giving them the ability to learn at their own pace.