Algunas reflexiones psicopedagógicas de K.Bain

Los estudiantes que practican el aprendizaje profundo se convierten en individuos: (p.24)
  • -          Resuelven mejor los problemas
  • -          Son más creativos y humanitarios
  • -          Más responsables
  • -          Más seguros de sí mismos.

¿Cómo evitar la arrogancia o la impotencia aprendida (Martin Seligman)?
-          Utilizar el pasado en lugar de encumbrarlo o repudiarlo
-          Reconocían la necesidad de crecimiento en ellos mismos a la vez que apreciaban el trabajo de otros.
-          Mezcla de humildad y confianza característica de sus logros como personas creativas.
-          “No es porque seamos especialmente inteligentes sino porque somos testarudos”. (p.74)
MANEJANDO PROBLEMAS MAL ESTRUCTURADOS: (p.153)
  • a)      Conversaban con interesantes y diversos colectivos de personas.
  • b)      Agradecen la oportunidad de discutir con puntos de vista contrarios, no les perturban emocionalmente.
  • c)       Intentan comprender en profundidad el mundo recurriendo a experiencias e intereses de su infancia.
  • d)      Exploraban una pregunta a través de investigaciones originales, no con google solamente.
  • e)      Tenían el apoyo de un mentor

En resumen, aprenden a resolver problemas mal estructurados abordando P.M.E. y cosechando críticas y reacciones ante sus intentos (p.154)
LEARN BY DOING
“No se aprende de la experiencia, sino de la reflexión sobre la experiencia”  Dewey. (p.161)



JUICIOS REFLEXIVOS: (P.169)  http://www.umich.edu/~refjudg/
Siete modos de hacer juicios reflexivos para resolver problemas mal estructurados. Kitchener y King los describen como estadios pero eso no significa que no se den simultáneamente.
Estadio razonamiento pre-reflexivo
  1. 1.       El conocimiento tiene “existencia absoluta”.
  2. 2.       Todo puede conocerse pero es necesario preguntar a la persona adecuada.”Lo importante no es saber sino saber el teléfono del que lo sabe” (Les Luthiers)
  3. 3.       Acudimos a la autoridad pero sabemos de sus limitaciones por lo que podemos rellenar los huecos con nuestras propias creencias.

Estadio cuasi-reflexivo         
  1. 4.       Nunca se puede estar seguro de nada. Todo depende de cómo se mire. Razonamiento crítico en sentido débil.
  2. 5.       Podemos conocer pero no juzgar las interpretaciones de la realidad.

Estadio razonamiento reflexivo
  1. 6.       Los problemas son complejos y enrevesados por lo que buscamos interpretaciones e ideas en las evidencias, con varias perspectivas en mente y comparamos desde varias perspectivas y contextos.
  2. 7.       Construímos conocimiento y tomamos decisiones sobre problemas mal estructurados mediante “indagación razonable”.


The Benefits of Blended Learning

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During one of my most recent visits to a retail cellular store to browse through the newest mobile technology, I wasn’t surprised too surprised to see a three-year-old rifling through his mother’s cell phone, then quickly giving that up to play with one of the new tablets on the showroom floor. The place was as familiar to him as his favorite story or coloring book.


Today’s children are embracing technology at even younger ages so it only makes sense that educational institutions should follow suit. Students are enjoying the many benefits afforded to them with the use of this newer learning method.

Over the past few years, blended learning has become one of the most popular choices amongst students. Not only do they offer the flexibility of an online course, but students also have the opportunity to participate in a face-to-face classroom experience. In short, blended courses could just be the best solution to addressing the needs of not only students, but faculty and the institutions as well.

Here are four different models that are being successfully implemented in classrooms across the country.

  1. Rotation: Students rotate between online and face-to-face instruction in school.
  2. Flex: Still attending traditional classrooms daily, students divide their time between online and teacher driven studies in school.
  3. Ala Carte: Taking one or more online courses in their entirety, students continue to attend to their traditional classroom studies.
  4. Enriched: Students divide their time between school and home with their courses.

From the viewpoint of the administrator, having different choices available to them for their curriculums is beneficial for them. What are some of the other benefits that our children and their teachers are embracing using this new technology?

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  • MORE ENGAGING – During the stone age when I attended school, we were always excited to see a movie projector in the classroom with the big, white screen pulled down in front of the chalkboard. Students must feel the same way today given the choice between a computer screen and a thick textbook.
  • MORE REWARDING – The diversification available when adding the world wide web into the equation for the classroom is more rewarding for the students. They are no longer limited with what is only accessible inside the walls of their classrooms.
  • MORE PREPARED – With the rapid rate of today’s growing technology, we would be failing our children if we were not preparing them for the future. Students will be better equipped for the workplace when they are using the tools most commonly found there.
  • MORE TIME – Instructors will have more time when the students are implementing the use of blended learning. Whether students are at home researching for a report on the internet or in the classroom taking a quiz online, teachers will be free for other tasks.
  • MORE FUN – Not that the classroom should be all fun and games, but students will learn better and more effectively when they are happily engaged with the material using today’s technology rather than having their nose buried in a textbook. Using a computer or the internet is simply more fun than traditional teaching methods.

In contrast, it wasn’t that long ago that teachers were banning the use of cellphones in the classroom since it was such a distraction. While that still may be true today, many students along with their teachers are employing the BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) concept. Along with their books, most are now carrying their laptops and tablets to school with them.

Making this transition is important for both our educators and our students. Since children are our future, they should be given the best tools possible to face and conquer what tomorrow brings.

Author

dannyDave Landry Jr. is an online journalist with a passion for business. In addition to sharing his advice with those who seek financial help, he enjoys writing about effective business communications, VoIP and virtual technology, and the process of globalization. You can find more of his writing by connecting with him on Twitter.

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